Reporting Panel : Socio-economic.

Socio economic status:

Socio economic status called as SES simply means a economic & sociological compiled measure for evaluating a person's or community's work or occupational experience and social position relative to others based on income , education & occupation. Oxford dictionary of sociology characterize socioeconomic status as a measure attempting the classification of the individuals, families, occupation, income & education.

SPRS panel perceives Socio economic status as an indicator where the population in an area is classified as per the occupation, caste & religion specifications of the population where the panel provides the classification of the population of the ward, slum, city & state as per these characteristics with the supporting identity code of the household which can reveal individual identity too.

Monthly income:

Monthly income simply denotes the average income received by an individual in a month through, work, profit etc The dictionary of sociology ( Gordon Marshall, 1998) perceives monthly income as the average income in a month from sources such as labour, land, capital or from the other sources of production. It can be individual & the total family as well. The sociological dictionary views it as the distribution of direct financial resources received by individuals, families, and households.

SPRS repot panel views monthly income as the total income of the population through the various financial sources where the reporting panel provides the details on the state, city, slum & ward with the household identity


The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition (Houghton Mifflin Company) fixes occupation as the activity which serves one's regular source of livelihood. The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English & Oxford American Writers Thesaurus adds occupation as a job or profession

SPRS panel perceives occupation as the source of livelihood & income in a particular area and the panel provides the classification of the population of the state, city, slum & ward based on the occupation with the traceable household identity


Generally caste is believed as the sub classification of religion. The dictionary of sociology (Gordon Marshall, 1998) describes caste as the social institution seeking an ideal kind of rigid hierarchical social stratification. André Béteille, India's famous sociologist well known for the studies on caste system in South India describes a caste as 'a small and named group of persons characterized by endogamy, hereditary membership and a specific style of life which sometimes includes the pursuit by tradition of a particular occupation and is usually associated with a more or less distinct ritual status in a hierarchical system, based on concepts of purity and pollution' (Caste, Class and Power, 1965).

SPRS perceives caste as an indicator analyzing the population of a particular area into subdivisions involving general, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, other backward communities & others. The area can be state, city, slum, ward etc


The dictionary of sociology (Gordon Marshall, 1998) describes religion as the set of beliefs and practices involving rituals based on the idea of the sacred and which unites believers into a socio-religious community. The Blackwell Dictionary of Sociology, (Allan G. Johnson) defines religion as a social arrangement designed to provide a shared, collective say of dealing with the unknown and unknowable aspects of human life, death and existence, and the difficult dilemmas that arise in the process of making moral decisions. It not only provides responses to enduring human problems and questions but also forms a basis for social cohesion and solidarity.

SPRS see religion as an indicator to classify the households and the total population of a particular area (state, city, slum, ward etc) into Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh & others.


A household or dwelling unit is defined as the basic residential unit where family resides and organizing & carrying out the basic activities including the economic production, consumption, inheritance, child rearing, shelter etc .The dictionary of sociology (Gordon Marshall, 1998) describes household as the group of persons sharing a home or living space, who aggregate and share their incomes& regularly take meals together. Most households consist of one person living alone, a nuclear family, joint family, or a group of unrelated people.

Government of India defines Dwelling Unit as the accommodation availed of by a household for its residential purpose. It may be an entire structure or a part thereof or consisting of more than one structure. There may also be cases of one household occupying more than one structure for its housing accommodation. In this case, all the structure together constitutes a single dwelling unit. The dwelling unit covers all pucca, semi-pucca and katcha structures used by a household. Household living more or less regularly under bridges, in pipes, under staircase, in purely temporary flimsy improvisations built by the road side (which are liable to be removed at any moment) etc., are considered to have no dwelling.

As far as the poverty research is considered, the household details can tell the comforts enjoying by the people living in the dwelling unit. Structure, location, construction etc speaks about the socio economic status. So here SPRS focus on the dwelling unit, household structure, construction, residential proof , minority etc to record the security assets of the household.