Reporting Panel : Household Physiography.

Household Structure:

Household structure is the method of the arrangement of the house hold. It speaks about the arrangement of the individuals in a family as per their relationship. It is generllay based on the family members organization. It focus on the type of the house hold heading, decision making process, the relationship of the members to each other etc. It also refers to the resource constraints, resource competition social assistance and socio economic conditions. Control over income and decision-making in the household has a profound influence over the distribution of resources and human development outcomes. (Chant, 2003) major house hold structure models includes single person; couple; couple and children; couple, children and other relatives; single-parent; single-parent and other relatives; non-related persons households etc

Government of India defines Family member" is defined as persons who live in one house, and under one head or manager; a household including spouse, and parents thereof parents, children, brothers and sisters, and spouses thereof, any individual related by blood or affinity whose close association with the head of family is equivalent of a family relationship.

Marie Odile Attanasso, the famous demographic economist views the analysis of household structure gives better scope for poverty planning . It can be stated that the Household structures help to focus in developing and designing poverty reduction strategies and policies. It helps in identifying any pockets which might require specific policies and special interventions for sustainable development. Gender differentials in household structures deserve adequate attention for practical interventions. Particular attention to female-headed households is also important. Understanding living conditions and poverty levels of female-headed households is important for not only policy process but also programmes on poverty alleviation.

Gender differentials in household structures calls attention for practical interventions. Particular attention to female-headed households is also important for evaluation and promotion of sustainable development, both because their numbers are significant and increasing. Understanding living conditions and poverty levels of female-headed households is particularly important for not only policy process but also programmes on poverty alleviation.

SPRS focus on the structure of household. we emphasize the nature of the household head which includes female headed, number of male members, female members in the unit, status of the individual members etc. number of literate , illiterate members , handicapped or challenged members also will be traced.

Household Ownership:

House hold Ownership refers to the ownership of the land where the house is located and the ownership of the dwelling unit where the household resides. it focus on the land owned or held in owner-like possession by households which includes all kinds of land owned by households, including homestead land and non-agricultural land. It also covers the ownership on dwelling whether the land be owned, leased or otherwise possessed.

Poverty and the household ownership are clearly linked especially in the urban areas as far as the security of tenure is concerned. It acts as a reason for social exclusion for the slum dwellers from the secured life as the poor tends to live in rented accommodation or in encroached slums in unhealthy neighborhoods with poor physical, mental & social health and in additition under the threat of legal disputes.

In the process, SPRS tries to capture& record the ownership status of the land & house hold. We focus on the number of dwelling units with Patta, Possession Certificate/ Occupancy Right, Encroachment on public land, private land, rent etc and any other of this kind. Public land includes the land by local state& union Government, railways, defense, airport authority etc. private land can include the land owned by the private individuals where as any other mode of possession is also recorded as others and the unknown possession is recorded as not known

The SPRS panel perceives as the household ownership as the indicator to assess tenure& household accessibility. In the panel the analyzed summary of the state, city slum & ward wise will be displayed and it even links to the individual house hold details too.

Household Construction:

House hold construction refers to the structure of the dwelling unit. It includes pucca structure, semi pucca structure & kutcha structure.

Pucca structure is one whose walls and roofs are made of pucca materials such as cement, concrete, oven burnt bricks, hollow cement/ash bricks, stone, stone blocks, jack boards (cement plastered reeds), iron, zinc or other metal sheets, timber, tiles, slate, corrugated iron, asbestos cement sheet, veneer, plywood, artificial wood of synthetic material and poly vinyl chloride (PVC) material etc

Kutcha Structure is the structure which has walls and roof made of non-pucca materials is regarded as a kutcha structure. Non-pucca materials include unburnt bricks, bamboo, mud, grass, leaves, reeds, thatch etc.

Semi Pucca Structure comprises of the structure which cannot be classified as a pucca or a kutcha structure as per definition is a semi pucca structure. Such a structure will have either the walls or the roof but not both, made of pucca materials

As far as the poverty studies are concerned, the house hold structure is of great importance as the income and the economic occupancy status of the family increases, the household structure may change from kutcha or semi pucca structure to pucca structure.

In this section, SPRS captures the number of dwelling units with pucca structure, semi-puccastructure and katcha structure in the slum and will be recorded and will be uploaded in the household construction section. Analyzed data summary of the state, city, slum and ward with the support of slum and household Id can be accessed from this section

Residential proof:

Residential proof can be defined as the official document showing the legal ownership of an individual on the property where the house/ dwelling unit is located. As per the definition by the Government of India, it can be the Possession Certificate, patta etc can be used.

SPRS focus on the availability of the residential proof of the land as per the question of the security of tenure is concerned. We collects the possession details of the land & tenure. For this Patta, Possession Certificate/ Occupancy Right, rental certificate etc is accepted and the summary of the state, city, slum and ward with the household identity is available in the reporting panel

Minority status:

Minority status can defined as the status of the individual whether he / she belongs to the officially accepted minority communities in the area.

As per the Government of India definition, a minority person is the individual belongs to the Scheduled castes, Scheduled tribes and the Other Backward communities defined by the Government.

SPRS focus on the minority status of the head of the household for considering the minority status of the community. We record this by documenting whether the household belongs to the minority & nonminority status and the summary of this as per the state, city , slum & ward is displayed in the panel . It also gives the provision to check the household summary with the identity code given.